TOEFL is a language proficiency test taken by candidates who desire to study abroad and acquire global exposure. The ETS, the organisation that administers the TOEFL exam, has not established any exact eligibility criteria for the exam. It is mostly given to students who want to get into English-speaking universities, colleges, or educational institutions. TOEFL exam is taken by those who have completed high school or the equivalent. Other than that, candidates must have a valid passport to show as proof of identity during the exam.
Because it is an English language proficiency test, students should always check the requirements of the specific college/university to which they are applying. This exam is compulsory for all students whose first language is not English. Universities in major English-speaking countries such as the United States and Canada demand students to prove their language proficiency in order to be admitted to their educational institutions. Apart from students, professionals take the TOEFL exam because it is required for obtaining a visa. Furthermore, the ETS, the authority that administers this exam, has set no age limit.
This exam is divided into four sections: reading, writing, listening and speaking, according to the TOEFL test pattern. Overall, the candidates’ performance is given a score of 120. Candidates can prepare for the TOEFL exam by using the recommended TOEFL Books and Resources for TOEFL.
Types of TOEFL Test
There are mainly two types of TOEFL:
- TOEFL IBT
IBT stands for the TOEFL internet bases test. This test has taken over the older TOEFL CBT (TOEFL Computer-based Test) test. TOEFL CBT was terminated in 2006, and the scores are not valid. Where internet and computer facilities are available, the TOEFL IBT test is taken. Most of the test centres in the world had an internet-based testing system of TOEFL.
- TOEFL PBT
PBT stands for Paper Based Test. In the areas of the world where internet facilities and Computers are not available, TOEFL paper-based testing is done. It is now replaced by TOEFL PDT, Paper Delivered Test from 2017. The test pattern and Scoring are different from the TOEFL IBT.
Other Types of TOEFL Test
. TOEFL Junior:
TOEFL junior is an assessment of middle school level English Proficiency Test. TOEFL junior standard is paper-based, while TOEFL junior comprehensive is a computer-based exam. Subjects for TOEFL junior standard are Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension and Language Form and Meaning. Subjects for TOEFL junior Comprehensive test are Reading, Listening, Writing and Speaking Comprehension.
- TOEFL ITP
TOEFL ITP stands for Institutional Training Program. The test is used to assess English Language Proficiency for institutes’ internal structure. These are closely related to IELTS PBT. The only difference here is the exclusion is Test of Written Expression.
TOEFL Exam highlight of Exam
|TOEFL full form||Test of English as a Foreign Language|
|Conducting body||ETS (Educational Testing Service)|
|Widely popular as||English language proficiency test|
|Generally accepted by||Universities in the USA and Canada|
|Mode of exam||Internet-based and Paper-based|
|TOEFL IBT fee||22000/-|
|TOEFL Paper-based test fee||20000/-|
|Score Range||Reading: 0–30
|TOEFL Helpline||9780867867, 8283867867|
PTE Eligibility: Age Limits
Everyone is eligible for taking the TOEFL exam. There are no restrictions regarding the age limit of the candidate. ETS has not set any guidelines defining an Age limit or minimum age for the candidates. So, there is no hindrance in TOEFL eligibility regarding the age of the person.
TOEFL eligibility for re-attempts
The TOEFL test is conducted over 50 times per year at authorized test centres around the world. You can re-attempt the test as many times as you prefer, but there should be a gap of 12 days between two attempts.
What is the Educational Qualification under TOEFL exam Eligibility Criteria 2020-21?
- In order to take the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), you need to have passed in 10+2 from any recognised Indian Board or University.
- If you are a high school student or are studying at a higher level you can take this test to get your TOEFL score. The test measures your proficiency in the English Language so that you can study and work in the United States. The TOEFL score is mostly accepted by the institutions of the United States and outside.
TOEFL Exam Pattern
TOEFL Exam Pattern consists of two types. One is the IBT exam (internet-based test) and the other is the PBT exam (paper-based test). To measure your skill or proficiency to communicate, the test is divided into 4 sections, named as Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing. Now let’s look at the TOEFL exam pattern section by section:-
|Section||Time Limit in Minutes||Number of Questions||Tasks|
|Reading||54-72||30-40||3-4 Passages of academic texts and answering questions related to it|
|Listening||41-57||28–39||Classroom lectures, conversations and discussion are to be listened to with great attention and answer the questions based on them.|
|A 10-minute Break is given|
|Speaking||17||4 tasks||Express an opinion on a familiar topic|
|Writing||50||2 tasks||Opinions and Arguments Essay, Express your opinions in writing|
The test duration of TOEFL will be 3 hours or 180 minutes The total score is the sum of scores of all four sections. The scores are been posted after the 10 days of the exam date. The TOEFL test scores can be viewed online as well. Your official reports will be sent to four institutes of your choice once they are declared, by ETS.
TOEFL is made of four aspects of a spoken and written language, and they are called modules. The four modules of TOEFL are reading, listening, writing, and speaking cover the TOEFL test format for iBT online test. The TOEFL structure and syllabus for four of them is as follows.
TOEFL Reading Syllabus
Reading is all about reading the passages and answering the questions asked. In reading, there will be 3-5 passages and there will be 12-14 questions in each passage to answer. The total no of questions to be answered will be 50 in the duration of 60-100 minutes. The score will be based on the correctness of each answer in each passage.
TOEFL Listening Syllabus
In listening, there will be two types of conversations that will be heard. One will be a short conversation and others will be a long conversation. In short conversations after a short conversation, there will 1 question that will be multiple-choice question having options to select from. While in a long conversation, there will be multiple questions to be answered. In listening there will two sections, which are as follows-
TOEFL Speaking Syllabus
If you want to score well in speaking you should try to fulfil all the requirements of the exam. One should try to avoid mistakes. The total no of questions will be 6 for speaking and the total duration will be 20 minutes. The division in speaking is as follows: –
- In the first section, there will be 2 independent tasks. The preparation time for this task will be 15 seconds and the time to respond will be 45 seconds.
- In the second section, there will be 2 integrated tasks. The task will be as follows read-listen-speak. The preparation time for this section will be 30 seconds and the response time will be 60 seconds.
- In the last section, there will be 2 integrated tasks. The task will be as follows listen-speak. The preparation time for this task will be 20 seconds and the response time will be 60 seconds.
TOEFL Writing Syllabus
The essay should effectively address a topic. The response should be well-organised and well-developed using relevant explanations and detailed support. Furthermore, it should also display a unity of thought, steady progress and collective thoughts. Make sure your grammar is correct, but also do not be repetitive with sentence structure. Bring variety in sentence formation for higher scores.
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